Tåkern - nature reserve


|Translated by Google translation|

Lake was formed when cut off from the salty Yoldia Sea about 10,000 years ago. In the 1800s, sunk many lakes to get new arable and pasture. Tåkern 1842-44 was lowered by 1.7 meters. It was the start of bird lake Tåkern. The water depth was cut after only 0.8 meters. Reed beds around the lake began to spread and meadows around the lake was well grazed. Tåkern era bird had begun, and as such, the lake does not older than 165 years. Tåkern is one of Europe's most important nesting and resting areas for many bird species.

To date, 276 species have been seen at the lake. More than a hundred of them nest here, such as the black tern, bittern, marsh harrier and Reed Warblers. At Tåkern is Northern Europe's largest reedbed occupying an area equivalent to about 2,400 football fields.

Tåkern meadows covering more than 450 ha. They were created by the land arrived at sjösänkningen in 1844, since then it has been argued by grazing or mowing. Meadows are so-called calcareous wet meadows with a very rich flora. Here are majvivor and several orchid species, eg Fly orchid, marsh orchid and honey flower.

In order to preserve the diversity of meadow and prevent overgrowth it is important that they constantly asserted by grazing or mowing. Most meadows are managed by grazing animals. Each year, operates about 800 animals at the lake, mostly cattle. A small portion of land, about 25 hectares, managed by mowing. In addition to grazing and mowing require other interventions in the form of clearing of undergrowth and bushes. Overall, major efforts to maintain Tåkern culture created nature. The care paid for by the Environmental Protection Agency and Tåkern Fund.

In order not to disturb the nesting is forbidden to reside in the reserve during the period 1/4-30/6. Particularly marked paths, visiting areas and trails are excluded from the ban.

On May 25, 2012 Visitor Centre inaugurated Tåkern - Sweden's sharpest - when visiting the area Glänås