Holkaberg och Narbäck
|Translated by Google translation|
Along the tourist route Gränna-Smoke are a number of parking spaces overlooking the lake. Want to see more recommended way to Isgårda - then you can hike and picnic overlooking the Visingsö and lake! The reserve consists largely of forested mountain slopes, grazed woodland and wooded pastures, but even small fields included. The reserve is approximately 80 hectares.
Reserve northwestern part consists of naturally developing mixed forest with a poorly developed field layer. Single herbs hepatica, lungwort and Baneberry However you can find. The slopes down towards Vättern growing considerably richer flora with some rather unusual species bergbräsma, gromwell, lunddraba, Saxifrage and Dyer's Woodruff. Most of the reserve is comprised of ädellövdominerade grazed forests or abandoned hayfields. Elm, ash, oak and grinders are the main tree species, but pine, spruce and aspen also occur. The flora is quite rich in these parts, and this occurs both grove herbs dry meadow. Ramsons occur very abundant here.
The reserve has a very rich and exclusive lichen flora with a number of endangered species. Most of these species are specialized in semi-open to closed humid environments. Almen seems to be the most important tree lichens, but red-listed species occur also in oak, ash, aspen and linden. Overall, 20 nationally listed species from the lower flora found in the sanctuary area.
The area is noted earlier, partly thanks to its rich country worm fauna. In the area there are red-listed species larger bark snail Ena montana and bukspolsnäcka Macrogastra ventricosa with quite rare species Vertigo angustior and Aegopinella nitidula. Holkaberg and Narbäck, like most other homesteads in the district, a medieval colonization. Holkaberg mentioned as place names in the archive for the first time in writing the 1535th Name Most nest can mean "something eroded", located on the heights, or "water body".
Holkaberg and Narbäck located along the original route of the West Hålavedsvägen which runs north to south through the reserve. The gravel road that is still used, are the remains of the old road between Östergötland and Småland and probably prehistoric origin. It is now marked as the royal tour. The road also had strategic military interest, and in 1452 mentioned including a battle between Danes and Swedes, at a narrow passage called "Fence Lair" between Holkaberg and Narbäcks estate.
District Map from 1881 shows that the largest part of the reserve area was used partly wooded meadow. The western parts that slopes more or less steep was forested. The parts that were reported as cropland are still fields that retains its shape until today. Several mounds are on or adjacent to them.