A museum without walls, the Eco Museum in Åtvidaberg takes visitors to the historic places that were part of the 18th Century copper works. The special thing about this museum is that it consists of 10 sites and each tells its own story. Quite simply, it is a museum without walls made possible by valuable contributions from many enthusiasts.
Works and Facit Museum, Bersbo mining district, Risten-Lakviks Railway, Närstad mining district, Forsaströms ironworks, Gärdserums kyrka, Falerum, Stenebo Mine and Överums Works Museum.
Railway switches, signal systems and lubricating devices for cars and planes were made here from 1924 to 1987. You can still see the machines at work thanks to a group of enthusiasts who used to work at ÅSSA. You can also view the Åtvidaberg automobile here. It was made locally and is one of only 12 made.
Area miners had been granted the privilege of copper mining as early as 1413. When production ceased in 1902, Åtvidaberg had been Sweden’s second largest copper producer for more than 100 years. The permanent exhibition tells the story of the works epoch, the treasures of the inner Earth and the people who worked them.
Ride on historic trains at one of Sweden’s first railways and visit the railway museum in Risten-Lakvik. In 1856, the railway was ready to transport copper ore from the mining district in Bersbo to Åtvidaberg. For information and opening hours: Tourist Office on +46 (0)120-120 98.
This well-preserved group of 18th Century houses near Gamla Torget Square is uniquely preserved on the same site where they once were built for the copper foundry workers. The Åtvid trading centre was located here.
The world´s only functioning sun cannon
Today there is only one functioning sun cannon in the world and you’ll find it in Åtvidaberg. It stands on Kanonkullen near Bysjön Lake, was built in 1853 and was at that time included in Adelsnäs Manor’s English park.
Over the last 12 years, more than 40,000 persons from all over the world have visited the sun cannon tower at the moment of firing. The canon is fired every day at 1 pm from May to September. Come 15 minutes early to receive information about the cannon. On sunny days the sun lights the cannon. During cloudy weather, the sun gunner on duty fires the midday salute with a match.
In the middle of the plain in front of a farm on the outskirts of Grebo stands "Röstensgubben". He is very old, very well maintained and consists of three stones. The legend tells us, that every time when the farm gets painted, he must also be painted, otherwise the farm will burn down.
Kvarnvik´s General Store Museum
A complete general store from the days when everything you needed was taken from shelves of the general store to be weighed, measured and packeted.
With its inviting park, Adelsnäs Manor is a popular place for excursions. The main house, designed by architect Isak Gustaf Clason, was completed in 1920. Most of the English park is open to the public, but the house is the private residence of the Adelswärd family, who has owned the Adelswärd Barony since the 1700s.
Romance on Bysjön Lake
In 1809, Baron Eric Göran Adelswärd had a temple built on the shores of Bysjön Lake. It was patterned after a round temple in a park at Versailles.
The temple is one of many buildings in the English park surrounding Adelsnäs.
Bersbo Mining District
Mining in the area probably began as early as the 14th century.
In the mid-1800s around 1200 people worked in the mines and the copper works.
The Great Mine´s shaft head was built in 1871.
Närstads mining district is 5 km west of Åtvidaberg and consists of four mines of wich Malmviks mine and Mormor´s mine were the largest.
Between the mines there is a sign-posted path.
Stenebo Great Mine
Iron ore was mined here until 1875.
You can reach Stenebo Great Mine through an 85 meter long horizontal gallery. Bring your boots and a torch.
This explosives depot is from 1859.
Since explosives for the mines were risky to handle and store, its construction was crucial and architect C. E. Ferngren designed it accordingly. That meant very thick walls, a specially constructed vault and dormer windows that were sharply angled to dampen the shock wave from an explosion.
Krutkällaren is made of fine cut mica slate, generally known as Bäckfall stone since that is where it is quarried.
Storehouse in Forsaström
Since 1981, this mill has been renovated by Gärdserum’s local heritage association, and the new water wheel was dedicated in 1997. There is a museum on the second floor of the storehouse.
Gärdserum’s Local Heritage Association gives tours of the museum in Forsaström to those interested. Contact the Tourist Agency for more information.
The Ålunda Storehouse was built by the Åtvidaberg Copper Works in 1866. The building was designed by C. E. Ferngren and its master builder was Jonas Jonsson.
The Ålunda Storehouse was built to store grain, which was used to pay the foundry workers. An extension was added on the western long side with an elevator and a wagon port during the 1880s.
The building’s size is evidence of the flourishing copper trade.